From: Subodh Kumar < >
Atrocities of Tipu Sultan of India
Of late there has been a concerted attempt to distort and falsify Indian history, by painting dark periods of Indian history as glorious and progressive, to suit the selfish and perverted interests of the ruling clique. One of these attempts relates to the life and deeds of Tipu Sultan of Mysore.
Tipu Sultan (20 November 1750 – 4 May 1799), Sultan Fateh Ali Khan Shahab also known as the Tiger of Mysore, was a ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore. He was the eldest son of Sultan Hyder Ali of Mysore.
The battles between Kodavas (Kodagu/ Coorg) and Tipu Sultan is one of the most bitter rivalries in South India. There were repeated attempts to capture Kodagu (It provides access to Mangalore port) by the sultan and his father Hyder Ali before him. The Kodavas knew their lands and mountains and were excellent at guerrilla warfare. Kodavas were outnumbered 3 to 1 in most of Tipu’s attempts to annex Kodagu but they managed to beat back Tipu most of the times by drawing his army towards hilly regions of their land. Tipu devised a treacherous plan and offered his friendship to Kodagu. When Kodavas welcomed Sultan to their land in the name of friendship, the Sultan and his men attacked them and took thousands as prisoners. Tipu got Runmust Khan, the Nawab of Kurnool, to launch a surprise attack upon the Kodava Hindus who were besieged by the invading Muslim army. 500 were killed and over 100,000 Kodavas fled to the woods and concealed themselves in the mountains. Thousands of Kodavas were seized along with the Raja and held captive at Seringapatam. They were tortured, killed and were forcibly converted to Islam.
In Seringapatnam, the captured young men were all forcibly circumcised and incorporated into the Ahmedy Corps, and were formed into eight Risalas or regiments. The actual number of Kodavas that were captured in the operation is unclear. The British administrator Mark Wilks gives it as 70,000, Historian Lewis Rice arrives at the figure of 85,000, while Mir Kirmani’s score for the Coorg campaign is 80,000 men, women and child prisoners.
In a letter to Runmust Khan, Tipu himself stated. “We proceeded with the utmost speed, and, at once, made prisoners of 40,000 occasion-seeking and sedition-exciting Coorgis, who alarmed at the approach of our victorious army, had sunk into woods, and concealed themselves in lofty mountains, inaccessible even to birds. Then carrying them away from their native country (the native place of sedition) we raised them to the honor of Islam, and incorporated them into our Ahmedy corps.”
In 1788, Tipu entered into Malabar to quell a rebellion. Nairs were surrounded with offers of death or circumcision. Chirakkal’s Nair Raja who was received with distinctions for surrendering voluntarily was later hanged.
Tipu sent a letter on 19 January 1790 to the Governor of Bekal (near Kasdargod), Budruz Zuman Khan. It says:
“Don’t you know I have achieved a great victory recently in Malabar and over four lakh Hindus were converted to Islam? I am determined to march against that cursed Raman Nair (Rajah of Travancore) very soon. Since I am overjoyed at the prospect of converting him and his subjects to Islam, I have happily abandoned the idea of going back to Srirangapatanam now.”
During the notorious Padayottakkalam from 1783 to 1792, Tipu Sultan had committed a variety of atrocities against the Hindus and Christians in Kerala. Some of them narrated by the famous traveler and historian, Fra Bartolomaco, in his well-known book, Voyage to East India. Following is the verbatim description of the atrocities.
“First a corps of 30,000 barbarians who butchered everybody on the way, followed by the Field-Gun Unit under the French Commander, M. Lally. Tipu Sultan was riding on an elephant behind which another army of 30,000 soldiers followed. Most of the men and women were hanged in Calicut. First mothers were hanged with children tied to the necks of their mothers.
That barbarian Tipu Sultan tied the naked Christians and Hindus to the legs of elephants and made the elephants move about till the bodies of the helpless victims were tom to pieces. Temples and Churches were ordered to be burnt, desecrated and destroyed. Christian and Hindu women were forced to marry Muhammadans and similarly their men were forced to marry Muhammadan women. Those who refused to be ‘honored’ with Islam, were ordered to be killed by hanging then and there. The above version of the atrocities was obtained from the sorrowful narration by the victims who escaped from Tipu’s army and reached Varapuzha (near Alwaye) which is the center of Carmichael Christian Mission. I myself helped many victims to cross the Varapuzha river by boats” (Cited in Cochin History by K.P. Padmanabha Menon, p. 573).
The Mysore Gazetteer says that the ravaging army of Tipu Sultan had destroyed more than 8000 temples in South India. The temples of Malabar and Cochin principalities had to bear the brunt of plunder and destruction. The History of Cochin by K.P. Padmanabha Menon and History of Kerala by A. Sreedhara Menon narrate some of them:
“In the month of Chingam 952, Malayalam Era (corresponding to August, 1786) Tipu’s Army destroyed idols of the famous Perumanam Temple and desecrated all the temples between Trichur and Karuvannur river. “Irinjalakuda and Thiruvanchikulam temples were also defiled and damaged by Tipu’s Army.”
Some of the other famous temples looted and desecrated were as follows: Triprangot, Thrichembaram, Thirunavaya, Thiruvannoor, Calicut Thali, Hemambika Temple, the Jain Temple in Palghat, Mammiyur, Parambatali, Venkitangu, Pemmayanadu, Tiruvanjikulam, Terumanam, Vadakhumnnathan Temple of Trichur, Belur Siva Temple, Shri Veliyanattukava, Varakkal, Puthu, Govindapuram, Keraladhiswara, Trikkandiyur, Sukapuram, Maranehei Temple of Aaalvancheiri Tambrakkal, Vengara Temple of Aranadu, Tikulam, Ramanathakra, Azhinjalam Indiannur, Mannur Narayan Kanniar and Vadukunda Siva Temple of Madai.
According to the official report of Col. Fullarton of the British forces stationed in Mangalore, worst type of brutalities on Brahmins were committed by Tipu Sultan in 1783 during his siege of Palghat Fort which was being defended by the Zamorin and his Hindu soldiers. “Tipu’s soldiers daily exposed severed heads of many innocent Brahmins within sight from the fort for Zamorin and his Hindu followers to see. It is asserted that the Zamorin rather than witness such enormities and to avoid further killing of innocent Brahmins, chose to abandon the Palghat Fort” (p. 500).
Every Hindu in Kerala knows that Tipu’s slogan was “Sword” (death) or “Cap” (forcible conversion). The “Sword” symbolizes death to Hindus. No self-respecting man will tolerate such an insult to his religion, culture and national pride.
According to James Scurry, a British officer, who was held captive along with Mangalorean Catholics, 30,000 of them were forcibly converted to Islam. The young women and girls were forcibly made wives of the Muslims living there. The young men who offered resistance were disfigured by cutting their noses, upper lips, and ears. According to Mr. Silva of Gangolim, a survivor of the captivity, if a person who had escaped from Seringapatam was found, the punishment under the orders of Tipu was the cutting off of the ears, nose, the feet and one hand. Gazetteer of South India describes Tipu Sultan forcibly circumcising 30,000 West Coast Christians and Hindus.
The following is a translation of an inscription on the stone found at Seringapatam, which was situated in a conspicuous place in the fort:
“Oh Almighty God! dispose the whole body of infidels (Non-Muslims) Scatter their tribe, cause their feet to stagger! Overthrow their councils, change their state, destroy their very root! Cause death to be near them, cut off from them the means of sustenance! Shorten their days! Be their bodies the constant object of their cares (i.e., infest them with diseases), deprive their eyes of sight, make black their faces (i.e., bring shame).”
Tipu Sulltan As Known in Kerala by Ravi Varma http://voiceofdharma.org/books/tipu/ch04.htm
Tipu Sultam Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tipu_Sultan
== == == === == == ==
From: Satya D < >
Tipu Sultan brutality from 1780 to 1790
Here are newspaper reports from 1780 to 1790 on actions of Tipu Sultan. It is tragedy Karnataka Government is spending crores of rupees to celebrate him offending both Hindus and Christians who were brutalized. Their selection of Deepawali time questions their intention.
I request you everyone to forward this to every Karnataka MLAs, Judges and other Officials (see the link http://184.108.40.206/gokdirectory/pages/ministers.aspx ).
In addition to giving the articles below, we have provided links for tweeting, Facebook, attached the cuttings to send in emails (just forward this) to let the world know. We are also attaching email addresses of all Karnataka Ministers, secretaries etc.
In addition to taking this to people, we are considering to take to courts on the wasteful and hurtful expenditure of mentally sick politicians of India.
All the below are available in link below.
(The Times, 15 Nov 1790)
(The Times, 26 Jul 1788)
(The Times, 10 Apr 1792)
(The Times, 11 Jun 1791)
(The Times, 11 Jun 1791)
(The Times, 31 Dec 1791)
(The Times, 11 Jun 1791)
(The Times, 01 Dec 1791)
(The Times, 05 Oct 1786)
(The Times, 22 Dec 1790)
(The Times, 03 Mar 1791)