From: Rajput < >
Thank you very much for this profound account of those days. (Below)
I was 15 then and can recall the details of bloodshed and refugee stampede of millions. There were instances of fathers killing their teenage daughters to save them from falling into the hands of Muslim mobs. And not only the sick and the very old, even infants were not spared. Houses were set on fire with inmates behind locked doors with crowds outside baying for their murder and abduction of the girls sheltering inside. What we saw then and our ancestors saw for centuries before 1947, the Western world is seeing only now in the shape of Isil in Syria and Irak and the treatment of YAZIDIS and Christians, men, women and children!
The massacres of Hindukush and all the previous invasions from Sindh to Somnath, Mathura, Varanasi and Ayodhya, have lost much of topicality for the Hindus who were too easy to be massacred and are too quick to forget. Forgetting all these and especially PARTITION in 1947 is a cardinal crime in which President to Peon, all are accomplices.
All this should be recorded and mentioned without worrying about pc. There was no pc then in the barbarity inflicted on Hindus and Sikhs across the newly established Pakistan then- courtesy NEHRU’S treason and GANDHI’S cowardice and his appeasement policy.
It is incomprehensible as to why the widespread massacres in RAWALPINDI district in Punjab that started on March 11, 1947 to eliminate the SIKH (DEFENCE) factor at the very beginning of the final Muslim onslaught for Partition are not often mentioned. The Sikhs had been foremost in the struggle for Independence. We can recall Jallianwala Bagh massacre and martyrs like Bhagat Singh and Udham Singh. Very large number of Sikhs joined the Azad Hind Fauj of Netaji as highly motivated volunteers. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the secret enemy of Hindus and a friend of Islam, identified NETAJI BOSE for elimination and also marked the SIKHS for decimation & degradation. They were seen by him as being the backbone of India’s defence who were too willing to follow a strong patriotic leader like Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.
Nehru swore enmity towards Netaji, forcing him to leave India, and against the Sikhs by maliciously surrendering even the birth place of Guru Nanak Devji at Nankana Sahib and the capital Lahore with 75% Hindu/Sikh inhabitants!
The Sikhs, once a strong community (“Sword arm” of Hindu nation) that defeated the Afghans to capture KHYBER PASS and established a sovereign Kingdom in Punjab and Kashmir, were marked for decimation by NEHRU. In ferocity and barbarity the massacres in RAWALPINDI District and throughout West Punjab and NOAKHALI District in East Bengal have no parallel in history in savagery and brutality.
We hope that one day FREE Bharat’s history books will highlight your article (below) with the additional information provided above, making it compulsory study to understand Partition and the betrayal of the MAJORITY community (Hindus) then.
January 31, 2016.
In a message dated 1/30/2016 2:57:07 P.M. GMT Standard Time, firstname.lastname@example.org writes:
To day Jan 30,2016 is observed as a martyrs day in India .
M K Gandhi was assassinated on this day.
May be to day is as good a day as any to recall some of events of those days in 1940s leading to partition of India and assassination of Gandhi.
Since that day, Jan 30, 1948 enough encomiums were paid to Gandhi to the exclusion of many stalwarts of Freedom movement, now is high time to honestly assess his contributions for independence of India. Please note India did not win anything but was ‘granted’ independence only after dividing into 3 pieces, a partition that never happened in the entire hoary history of thousands of years despite many alien reigns. India as a nation remained one thought several regions were under different rulers.
So for that extraordinary outcome who is responsible ?
The consequence of partition are very evident then and now. Some retrospection is in order here because of Gandhi’s pivotal role during those days , when India was emerging into freedom.
Even in subjugation both nation of India which is ageless, timeless and state of India clearly with well delineated borders existed along with masses of people with their distinct culture also existed as long as mountains and rivers of India. Yet when this ancient nation emerged into freedom there was no joy in the hearts, minds and faces of people for achieving their independence as noted by Sardar Patel .
The reason is seen in pictures and story below.
36 Rare and Unseen pictures of India-Pakistan Partition 1947 …
3 min – Apr 5, 2015 – Uploaded by someproudindian!!!2
After the partition a large amount of population exchange occurred between India and …
The reason for lack of any joy or happiness among people of India in that fateful month and preceding period leading to ‘independence’ will become understandable even for those who were born much, much later after August 1947, if they see the pictures with each worth more than 1000 words and more than thousands of tears. So they too like contemporaries of August 15th 1947 will mourn and should mourn even in 2016.
Crucial role in bringing about partition of India was played by;
For Pakistanis, Nehru and Gandhi are the villains. For Indians, Jinnah is the villain. This is how history is written and interpreted everywhere.
Since all of us, Indians, Pakistanis and Bangladeshis once belonged to the same nation, Bharath, it is right and proper to consider all those responsible for partition as villains for robbing the joy out of millions and millions of people of India at a time she was emerging into freedom after centuries of struggle. While it is true that there are many other players in the tragedy of dividing India, some of them in London while one, Mountbatten was in Delhi doing the dirty work for departing colonialists., the main roles belongs to those three pictured above because they were chosen or picked to represent the two major communities in India, Hindus and Moslems and all of them failed the very people whose interests they are supposed to represent. Gandhi himself confessed he could be held guilty for betraying Hindus, his third son Ramadas Gandhi emphasized the same point that Gandhi betrayed Hindus of India. Nehru betrayed India- just three weeks before he signed on partition deed, he bombastically declared Pakistan was a fantastic nonsense.
It will be unfair to give all credit to just those three tall leaders pictured above for originating an Islamic State out of India then. There are many more , many in London pulling strings-Sir Winston Churchill and M A Jinnah were in correspondence with each other secretly using code words like lovers. And on the scene in New Delhi carrying out the mandate to carve India to pieces for her temerity to demand freedom was Earl Mountbatten, Viceroy .
Mountbatten, Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl
3 of 4Mountbatten, Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl
The result of machinations of all such people was great hurt to nation, civilization of India. Regarding what culture and civilization of India has done and given to the world can be seen in brief quote here from Will Durant.
He wrote in his book on India in 1931 about great harm done to such great nation, people, by British rule The book that banned then in India.
You can access the contents via on line. It is worth reading because what he said about merciless exploitation of India by British was not present in history books prescribed for students in India, perhaps only country in the world that reads history written by her enemies.
Thus as a result of Colonialism ,especially as a result of partition , India’s civilization still remains as V. S. Naipaul pointed out a ‘Wounded Civilization’.
In those days Congress party was recognized only as a Hindu party to negotiate on behalf of Hindus while Jinnah of Moslem league was there to press demands for a Moslem homeland .
The violence that broke out when India was divided was not a surprise, if any body had any doubt about what to expect, Jinnah cleared all doubts and showed what to expect when he gave call for ‘Direct action’ to press his demand an year before and all the hell broke lose in Calcutta in August 1946 , in Bengal whose Chief minister was Suhravardy of Moslem league, Hindus were made to pay very heavily to say the least. Jinnah himself openly stated that he and Moslem league will not hesitate to use ‘extra-Constitutional methods to achieve their goal of dividing India for an exclusive home land for Moslems who he said constituted a different nation. And as you can see in pictures below the results of his call for direct action . These scenes continued to be repeated all through process of dividing India and even afterwards , even to date all over undivided India .
Images for picture of victims of violence in calcutta in direction action day ………..
A Hindu in India converts to Islam, he becomes a Moslem but not a different national. This two nation theory of barrister MA Jinnah was absurd then and absurd now. Even in theory, background the concept was flawed and disastrous. In practice Pakistan failure is even worse. Of all states cobbled together to form Pakistan, Balochistan is largest.
Please listen to Baloch leader Tarek Fatah . Pakistan now is administering same treatment to Balochi people as it did to Bengalis in 1970s.
What happened in Pakistan in general to Hindus is matter of history by now. Except for a token few, rest were cleansed out which is the meaning of Pakistan-Cleansed State. Now it is the turn of various sections of Moslems themselves to suffer. Of them Balochis are still fighting while resistance from people of Gilgit and Baltistan got extinguished .
Sri Tarek Fatah reminds us about civilization of India, and nation of India whose limbs were cut off with participation of ‘India’s villain’, Jinnah whose demand was conceded at sword point by ‘Pakistan’s villains’- Gandhi and Nehru. Both arms of India were cut off to form Pakistan, west and east.
Even the legs were sought to be cut little later , when Razakars and Nizam of Hyderabad were plotting to do so, but few things happened then in Sept 48. Mountbatten went back to London, his last act was to remind Govt of India to take the matter of Junagadh accession to United Nations. Gandhi was no longer on the scene, Nehru was away in London visiting . And Sardar Patel was acting Prime Minister of Govt of India. With the result there was no ‘Nizam E Mustafa’ , another Islamic State in South India, and since ‘Mountie’ and Jawaharlal were not involved, the accession was complete without any article 370 either.
India’s civilization rightly pointed out by Sri Tarek Fatah, is built around rivers, in forests , mountains and such places where eyes can look at unlimited cosmos and imagination can soar without even sky being the limit.
The two rivers that made India’s civilization and became basis of culture, Indus and Ganges were both lost to India at present. Ganges delta is in a ‘different’ country just as most of Indus is in a ‘different’ country. Imagine how many rivers would have been lost to India had Nizam’s demands were met, the area got surrendered. Gandhi was negotiating with Diwan of Hyderabad and toying with idea of conducting yet another ‘Experiment with truth’ in case of Hyderabad also, which meant paralyzing Government of India from doing any thing . However as noted before events took their own course.
Nathuram Godse points this out as one of reason that prompted him to take the extreme step. He also said while he was in prison, he heard the news of Govt of India taking ‘police action’ against Razakars and Nizam of Hyderabad, he felt glad.
The future course of many nations was determined by mostly what they did when they became free or soon after.
The same trick , to divide and quit, was sought to be played in South Africa, to divided it and form a Zulu Land but determined Nelson Mandela stood firm against division, to day S A remains intact.
United States after it became free purchased Louisiana, and became double its size. Demand to divide or separate took place in US nearly 100 years later, however with Abraham Lincoln risked civil war and kept ‘one nation under God’ intact. Germany kept reunification of its divided parts as a goal and aim and achieved it .
India too could have done it. The mutineers of India’s armed forces starting with Navy at Bombay clearly served battered British during II war, that their time was up and should leave. Had India’s implicitly trusted leaders put their foot down much like Mandela et al, or for that matter like our own people led by likes of Aurobindo in 1905 when Lord Curzon partitioned Bengal on Hindu-Moslem basis, but was forced to undo it, India too would have remained intact without deleterious effects not only to India but also to the world in general with partitioned part, Pakistan becoming an international hub and training ground of terrorism.
Now out of that lost 1/3 of former India’s territory , instead of development or progress as Sardar Patel hoped, ‘let each nation according to its genius ‘ he said, what we see is entirely different . Even those who were once most violent protagonists for partition, like E Bengalis, Balochis have rebelled against Pakistan. E Bengal turmoil is history , now the unrest is in Balochistan.
Before Pakistan came into existence , State of Kalat and Balochistan were different countries and independent. Kalat opted to join India , just like North West Frontier Province under leadership of Khan Abdul Gafar Khan. But their entreaties were rebuffed by Nehru led Govt of India. ‘Frontier Gandhi’ as venerable Khan Abdul Gafar Khan was known, remarked they were thrown to wolves. And that exactly what happened when they were annexed by Pakistan.
The fate suffered by Hindus and Sikhs at the time of partition in parts now called Pakistan, came to be shared by
Balochis. Gilgit and Baltistan are other parts that fell to ‘wolves’.
Result of all these is ‘wounded civilization’ as V S Naipaul termed . All these parts under Pakistan, Pakistan itself, Kashmir on one side of India , E Bengal, Ganges delta on the other were cradle of civilization of India just as Kashmir was from ancient times when it was adorned with Taxsila University and Saraswathi temple till composite culture took hold .
All the people of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, as the Baloch leader Tarek Fatah reminds us belong to same civilization, Indian. Instead of constantly harping still on reservations and quotas based on religion , despite havoc
relatively recently caused by religion based politics, it is high time emphasis is shifted to civilization which is common to all the people in Hindusthan peninsula. Many Indonesian Muslims take pride in their Hindu past which was the origin of their culture and civilization. Similar development can take place in ‘Subcontinent or South Asia’ which will end great deal of existing as well as potentially more dangerous turmoil for the benefit of entire area and beyond.
Having a clear vision in that direction, strength and prosperity being built in India which by themselves will act as centripetal forces, the Himalayan blunders of yesterday’s tall leaders can and should be corrected. With artificial , unnatural borders, lines of control thus erased ,with same culture and civilization prevailing as it was in the days of yore not even sky will be limit to progress and development of India.
India of the ages is not dead nor has she spoken her last creative word; she lives and has still something to do for herself and the human peoples.
India is the meeting place of the religions and among these Hinduism alone is by itself a vast and complex thing, not so much a religion as a great diversified and yet subtly unified mass of spiritual thought, realization and aspiration.
In his famous Uttarpara Speech, he outlined the essence and the goal of India’s nationalist movement thus:
“I say no longer that nationalism is a creed, a religion, a faith; I say that it is the Sanatan Dharma which for us is nationalism. This Hindu nation was born with the Sanatan Dharma, with it, it moves and with it, it grows. When the Sanatan Dharma declines, then the nation declines, and if the Sanatan Dharma were capable of perishing, with the Sanatan Dharma it would perish.”
“But what is the Hindu religion ? What is this religion which we call Sanatan, eternal ? It is the Hindu religion only because the Hindu nation has kept it, because in this Peninsula it grew up in the seclusion of the sea and the Himalayas, because in this sacred and ancient land it was given as a charge to the Aryan race to preserve through the ages.
But it is not circumscribed by the confines of a single country, it does not belong peculiarly and for ever to a bounded part of the world. That which we call the Hindu religion is really the eternal religion, because it is the universal religion which embraces all others. If a religion is not universal, it cannot be eternal. A narrow religion, a sectarian religion, an exclusive religion can live only for a limited time and a limited purpose. This is the one religion that can triumph over materialism by including and anticipating the discoveries of science and the speculations of philosophy.”
In 1910, he withdrew from political life and spent his remaining life doing spiritual exercises and writing. But his works kept inspiring revolutionaries and struggles for independence, including the famous Chittagong Uprising. Both Swami Vivekananda and Sri Aurobindo are credited with having founded the basis for a vision of freedom and glory for India in the spiritual richness and heritage of Hinduism. ( From Wikepedia)
Aurobindo also confidently predicted the artificial partition of India , unnatural state Pakistan will not survive the test of time. Developing events, favorable geopolitical atmosphere and recently emerged Hindu nationalist led government point to prediction of Rsi of modern times, Aurobindo to come true. Aurobindo also was a great Vedic scholar .
There are thus many more martyrs, patriots, saints , scholars and soldiers who made great contributions towards freedom, development and progress of India. All of them deserve to be remembered on this day or any other day.
G V Chelvapilla
(This article is rewritten from another one sent earlier by me, on this occasion, )