Archive for the ‘Hindus’ History’ Category

From: “Madhav Tembe” < >

Forwarded WhatsApp msg :

It is a part of the tradition in Afghanistan that those who pay visit to the tomb of Mohammad Ghori first disrespect the grave of Prithviraj Chauhan by stamping and jumping on the place, where the Indian emperor’s mortal remains are buried.
Reason for this tradition is that while the Prithvi Raj Chauhan was a Prisoner & was blinded by Md Ghori. then also he killed Md Ghori by his arrow in a dramatic event.
The inscription on the tomb reads: “Here lies the Kafer king of Delhi.
People who beat up the grave should come and see Humayun’s tomb in India a contrast in the treatment meted out and maintenance.
There must now be an urgency of bringing back the remains of Prithviraj Chauhan to India for a worthy memorial at Delhi as well as Ajmer.
A brief note on Prithvi Raj Chauhan:
Prithviraj Chauhan was the last Hindu king to sit upon the throne of Delhi. He was born in 1168 as the son of Someshwar Chauhan, the king of Ajmer.
In the first Battle of Taraori (misspled as Tarain) (1191 CE) Muhammad Ghori invaded Prithviraj’s domains. Prithvi Raj defeated Ghori and captured him.
Ghori begged Prithvi for mercy and release. Prithviraj’s ministers advised against pardoning the aggressor. However, the chivalrous and valiant Prithviraj respectfully released the vanquished Ghori.
Second Battle of Tarain (1192 CE): The very next year, Ghori repaid Prithviraj’s gesture by again invading Prithviraj’s kingdom with a stronger army.
Again, the two armies met at Tarain. The Hindus followed a traditional practice of battling only between sunrise and sunset. Ghori attacked the surprised Rajput army before daybreak and thus emerged victorious.Ghori captured prithvi alive and took him all the way to Afghanistan from india.
As a prisoner in afganistan Prithvi Raj haughtily looked straight into the Ghoris eyes. On this Ghori made Prithvi blind.
Even after loss of his sight, he did not lose courage. He along with his poet friend Chand Bardai killed Ghori through blind archery and then stabbed themselves to put a chivalrous life to an end.
Prithvi Raj rather sought his death himself than being killed by Ghori’s army. Such was the life of this great warrior and saviour of his subjects. The brave emperor was buried near the tomb of Mohammad Ghori.
Even today Afghans vent their anger on Prithviraj’s Grave by stabbing on it  through a rope & then pay accolades to their defeated king Ghori.
It’s a pity that the Indian Government who is engaged in the construction work of a war ravaged country has no time to pay honour or renovate the grave of a Valiant King
Ex- Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Rahul Gandhi had time to visit Baburs grave and pay homage (if I may add, to please a section of society) and not to our very own Indian.
It is not a matter of which caste he belonged to but what he did and who he was A great Indian king. His is a story only heard in hypothetical story books. However he was for real and died and lived in way which is worth saving his grave of malicious people.
Some part of Indian tax payers income goes into the resurrection of Afghanistan and we have the moral right to question the dilapidated state of the grave.
We request our fellow citizens to pass this information forth to each and everyone and request Indian Government to take up this issue forth with the Government of Afghanistan. Either the remains should come back or treated with respect.
Hope and expect every Indian will take sometime off his/her valuable time to pass this on and put this little (even if it is like a drop in the ocean) effort to save the grave of our martyr.
~ Madhav Tembe

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From: Maj Gen Ashok Coomar < >


A Descendent of Maharani Padmini Speaks Up



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By Ajay Raj Singh Begu


At the onset please note the below mentioned too is “FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION.”


I too am a descendant of Maharawal Ratan Singh and Maharani Padmini. I still live in a fort which is situated about 60 kms away from Chittorgarh. Thus, the reaction.


Before I begin let me inform you that Khilji did attack the fort of Chittorgarh in Mewar in 1303 AD. Khilji besieged the fort for 06 months, finally when the rations got over in the fort of Chittorgarh, the fort gates were opened and it was like fight to the finish. Either win or lay down your life for the motherland. The brave Rajput men perished in the battle and a day before that all the exceptionally brave women inside the fort committed Jauhar or mass suicide by jumping into the fire to safeguard their honor.

It’s this plain and simple san any drama of Khilji seeing a reflection of Maharani Padmini in the mirror and attacking Chittorgarh fort to obtain Padmini.


All this drama is a figment of imagination of Malik Muhammad Jayasi’s poem Padmavati.

Mr. JAVED AKHTAR it seems you are suffering from some verbal diarrhea. Please understand Maharani Padmini’s Jauhar took place 500 years before the British arrived. Why are you mixing the two eras? Very conveniently you forgot the continuous saga of sacrifice and martyrdom of all the Rajputs specially Mewar that for almost 800 years fought, resisted and kept away the barbaric tribes, plunderers from invading India. Do you know your lineage beyond your grandfather or great grandfather? I doubt it. Well I know mine from 6th century.


You said in an interview that all these Ranas and Rajas were in full attendance at the British court. Please note in 1903 and 1911 when the British power was at its zenith and the imperial durbar was held in Delhi to coronate King George V. It was only Maharana Fateh Singh of Mewar (out of all the 565 kings) who chose not to attend the Delhi durbar despite repeated reminders by the British authorities because Maharana Fateh Singh of Mewar found the whole ceremony to be sort of humiliating.


Mewar since 08th century was at war with the invading armies of Muslims and other barbaric tribes who came for the wealth of this country and not just wealth but humiliated the women of this land. It was Mewar who kept resisting as much as they could. Have you ever read of Mewar trying to imperialize? We only tried to safeguard the interest and honor of our motherland.


By the time the British became a power to reckon with in our country which was split in 565 kingdoms. The kingdom of Mewar was drained of all its resources. After all, how much can a kingdom fight single handed. Thus, when the British offered respectable treaty of “Friendship London’’ Mewar agreed because the general population of Mewar after all wanted the long-awaited peace.


My ancestors were NOT fictional characters like Jai, Veeru or Gabbar Singh created by you in the film Sholay. They were real life heroes, freedom fighters, war veterans who spilled their blood for honor and independence. Kindly continue what you do best that is writing or reciting poetry. Please do not delve into history. Have you read a single book on medieval history? I doubt it.


What if I call you a second hand intellectual, who reads various books of several authors and then regurgitates like an owl to sound profound and intellectual. How will you feel? Please be original.

Poets and bards like you used to accompany my forefathers in wars and battles. Where in my forefathers fought and bards like you wrote heroic poetry and sang paeans in praise of them. With your finesse in literature and poetry writing you could have been a wonderful chronicler of that period.

On another occasion you said that you are proud to be born in a country where Akbar was born. Well no harm if you think so. This was in response to General V K Singh’s statement of renaming Akbar road with Maharana Pratap. I guess and hope I am correct you said “yeh jaahil kya samjhege Akbar ki mahaanta!” Well Mr. Akhtar the same great Akbar killed 25, 000/- innocent civilians in Chittorgarh who were not part of the battle/war during his siege of Chittorgarh in 1568 AD. So much for Akbar’s greatness!




And yes, I am so very proud to be born in the land of the champion of freedom the great MAHARANA PRATAP OF MEWAR.


In his (Akbar’s) pursuit of consolidating the Mughal empire if Maharana Pratap wanted to remain independent. So be it. Akbar should have left him and should have given him that space. I would have considered him great had Akbar done so.


Mr. Shashi Tharoor, in India there are histories and sub histories. There is not a composite history of India. You have read history. You are not a novice like Mr. Javed Akhtar as far as history is concerned. How could you forget the struggle and resistance put up by the Mewar kingdom for centuries?


Just because your book “An Era of Darkness” is a success. You cannot relate everything to the British era. Please come out of the “Simon Go Back” and “Quit India” phase of our national history. British have left please come out of that hangover.


Mr. Tharoor, you wrote in your book and I quote you “History, in any case, cannot be reduced to some sort of game of comparing misdeeds in different eras; each period must be judged in itself and for its own successes and transgressions.”


Mr. Tharoor, you remarked that these royals scurried for British favor. You know very well that India was not a one united nation in the 19th century when the British were expanding left, right and center in the present-day India. Please do not try to insinuate as if India was one nation and that the various Kings broke that alliance and allegiance and favored the British. In fact, India was divided into 565 small and big kingdoms or if I may call them 565 nations. There was general strife. All of them were fighting with each other of which the British took full advantage. So, when the British approached each kingdom separately for a treaty they readily agreed looking at the past turmoil.


Moreover, right after our independence in 1947 barring a few (miniscule number) of kingdoms almost all of them supported the accession to the Indian union. It was a bloodless transformation of power.   When Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru and Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel approached the kingdoms of Rajputana, Maharana Bhopal Singh of Mewar was the first one to sign the instrument of accession. Mewar dynasty with 1400 years of written record is one of the longest serving dynasties in the world.


Mr. Bhansali, you have made some very sensitive movies in the past where in you have given impetus to women characters. Culminating it with a solo or a dual dance performance by the female protagonist. Good for you and the film. After the shot when you sink in the director’s chair sycophants surrounding you may be saying things like “Sir ji kya shot tha” would make you may feel so high and mighty that you assume yourself to be the doyen of Hindi cinema. Now Mr. Bhansali here we are talking about Maharani Padmini who performed Jauhar along with 16000 women at the fort of Chittorgarh. How can you show her gyrating in a song sequence? If you are making a movie on a historical figure please keep the sensibilities in mind. Did you bother to take permission from the Mewar family? Did you consult historians?


As regards Deepika Padukone’s costume did you bother to consult anyone from Rajasthan or Mewar region who understand the culture and ethos of this region.


I remember watching an interview of yours where in you were giving tribute to one of our best dance choreographers Ms. Saroj Khan. You mentioned that when the movie Devdas was released Ms. Saroj Khan was unwell and was admitted in the ICU of a hospital so Ms. Aishwarya Rai Bachchan and you went to meet her right after the premier show. From her bed the first thing she asked you was that “Dola Dola song par seeti baji (did people whistle) ….taaliya piti (did people clap). ” And you were all enamored by her and got emotionally choked by her dedication to her profession.


Mr. Bhansali, please show some decency and respect for Maharani Padmini who laid down her life by jumping into the fire to safeguard her honor. The sentiment being death rather than dishonor.

Please note in all three JAUHARS have taken place in the fort of Chittorgarh. All the three JAUHARS are well recorded in the history of Mewar.


Media too should refrain from making irresponsible statements. Please do not make a mockery of the whole thing by asking stupid questions whether Maharani Padmini existed or not.

Lot of media persons are concerned that so much money is at stake. Please have some shame.

Here our ancestors martyred fighting. Our ancestors in Mewar spilled their blood for the cause and you are concerned about the money involved.


So many movies were made right from Prem Rog to a phase in Bollywood in the 1980’s wherein they showed the village Thakur having a glad eye for the village belle/girls.

Did you encounter such vehement opposition as you all have experienced for this movie Padmavati to be showcased under the garb of poetic license?


Rajputs and other communities in Rajasthan and other states who are opposing Padmavati are not living in some old China. They are rightly opposing this movie.


Long Live Maharani Padmini, JAI MEWAR, JAI RAJPUTANA, JAI HIND!



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Remembering Gopal Mukherjee, The Braveheart Who Saved Calcutta In 1946


Jaideep Mazumdar

– Aug 19, 2017, 7:10 pm





During the massacre of Hindu men and women in Calcutta in 1946, one man mobilized the Hindu resistance and brought a halt to the horrific proceedings.

If Bengali Hindus are living in Kolkata today, and if (West) Bengal exists today, they have Gopal Mukhopadhyay (and other stalwarts) to thank for.

18 August ought to be a red-letter day for Kolkata in particular, and Bengal in general. But few remember this day, which marked a turning point in the gory events that overtook the city from 16 August 1946. And it was the dramatic turn of events from 18 August that year that saved the city and Bengal from becoming part of Pakistan.

Very few remember Gopal Chandra Mukhopadhyay, the brave heart who turned the tide against the Muslim League, saving tens of thousands of Hindus from certain annihilation and thus defeating the League’s diabolic pogrom against Hindus. Had it not been for him and his courageous and patriotic band of followers, Calcutta and its neighboring Hindu-majority districts would have been drained of Hindus and made part of East Pakistan.

The Prelude

As is well known, the then Muslim League chief minister of Bengal, Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy, organized a pogrom against the Hindus of Calcutta from 16 August 1946 – the Muslim League’s Direct Action Day (read all about the ‘butcher of Bengal’ and his dark deeds here). The pogrom against Hindus by the Muslim League was pre-planned. Jinnah gave enough indication of his evil intentions – he said he would have “India divided or India burned”, that the League had bidden “goodbye to Constitutional methods” and would “create trouble”.

The day – 16 August – was also chosen with care and to provoke Islamist sentiments. It was the eighteenth day of Ramzan, when prophet Muhammad fought and won the Battle of Badr, the first decisive victory over the heathens that paved the way for the bloody conquest of Mecca. Posters of Jinnah posing with a sword were distributed in Calcutta while the Muslim League Mouthpiece The Star of India and other Muslim publications reminded the community about the significance of the day and urged them to follow in the footsteps of the prophet to kill the heathens (Hindus) and make Bengal the “land of the pure” (Pakistan). Syed Muhammad Usman, then mayor of Calcutta, issued a widely circulated leaflet that said: Kafer! Toder dhongsher aar deri nei! Sarbik hotyakando ghotbei! (Infidels! Your end is not far away! You will be massacred!)

Muslim League leaders instructed clerics in mosques to give fiery speeches after the jumma namaz (16 August was a Friday as well). The clerics obeyed and reminded their congregations that the day was a significant one and exhorted them to cleanse Bengal of kafirs or infidels. But even before the Friday prayers, Muslims started attacking Hindu shops and business establishments that had remained open in defiance of the Muslim League’s call for a hartal (strike). After the prayers, tens of thousands of agitated Muslims streamed to the Ochterlony monument (the Shahid Minar now) to hear Suhrawardy and other Muslim League leaders. The leaders issued fiery speeches urging the Muslims to attack Hindus and drive them away from Calcutta so that Jinnah’s dream of making Bengal a part of Pakistan could come true. Suhrawardy, in his speech, assured the Muslims that he had ensured that the police and army would be “restrained”. This was construed as a direct encouragement to Muslims to attack and kill Hindus.

The Killing of Hindus

And this is exactly what happened. Tens of thousands of agitated Muslims, baying for the blood of Hindus, streamed out of the rally and spread to different parts of the city armed with iron rods, swords and lethal weapons. A shop selling arms and ammunition belonging to a Hindu at Esplanade (just near the venue of the Muslim League rally) was the first to be attacked. The owner and his employees were decapitated. What followed was a one-sided orgy of violence in which thousands of Hindu homes and shops were attacked, Hindu men and boys brutally massacred (decapitation and amputation of limbs were the preferred forms of brutality) while Hindu women were disrobed, raped and killed. Many were taken away as sex slaves.

One of the worst massacres took place at Kesoram Cotton Mills at Lichubagan in the Muslim-dominated Metiabruz area, where a Muslim League leader, Syed Abdullah Farooqi, led a Muslim mob inside the compound of the mill where about 600 Hindu labourers, mostly Odias, were staying. They were all beheaded; just two survivors lived to tell the tale of Muslim brutality. Both had their arms hacked off and had been given up for dead, but they survived.

The Hindus, as Suhrawardy had rightly predicted, did not put up any resistance in the first two days. He had told his colleagues that Hindus had been numbed into submission by centuries of Muslim rule and just did not possess the courage to stand up to Muslims, even though Muslims were in a minority in the country. It must be remembered that Calcutta had 64 per cent Hindus and 33 per cent Muslims in 1946, and only a few districts neighboring Calcutta like Howrah and Hooghly were Hindu-majority. Suhrawardy told his Muslim League colleagues that after centuries of being dominated by Muslims, Hindus did not “have it in their genes to resist Muslims” and that “Hindus were of the firm belief that they (Hindus) were weak and Muslims were strong and ferocious”.

Suhrawardy stationed himself in the control room of the Calcutta Police headquarters at Lalbazar, from where he restrained the British and Anglo-Indian police officers from deploying forces to areas where Muslims were attacking Hindus successfully. Earlier, Suhrawardy had changed the composition of the city police’s constabulary by inducting a large number of Pathans and Muslims from United Provinces (now Uttar Pradesh) into the force to replace Bihari Hindus. These Muslim constables also aided the Muslim League criminals in killing Hindu men and raping and butchering Hindu women.

The killings took place in Hindu-majority areas of the city, and in the first two days – 16, 17 August – a few thousand Hindus were killed. Estimates vary between 4,000 and 20,000; about 3,500 bodies of Hindus were cremated, but British and Indian contemporary historians have written that many times that number were stuffed into underground sewers or simply dumped in the Ganges and the various canals that crisscrossed the city. A conservative estimate would put the number of Hindus killed or missing at over 7,000.

Exodus of Hindus

Hindus started fleeing Calcutta. Howrah station was a mass of humanity with Hindus desperate to board trains bound for other parts of the country. Hundreds of Hindu families, desperate to cross the Hooghly in country boats, were drowned when Muslims manning barges rammed their vessels into the country boats. This was exactly what Suhrawardy had planned: kill Hindus and create such a fear psychosis that Hindus would flee Calcutta, and the city would then become Muslim-majority. A Muslim-majority Calcutta would then bolster the Muslim League’s demand for its inclusion in Pakistan.

Suhrawardy had planned that after driving Hindus out of Calcutta, he would turn his attention to Hindu-majority districts of Howrah and Hooghly as well as the 24 Parganas that were industrialized and driving the economy of Bengal. Without these districts, he realized, East Pakistan would not be economically well off. So it was imperative to drive Hindus away from these districts or beat them into submission so that they would not oppose the League’s demand for the inclusion of the districts in Pakistan.

Enter Gopal Mukhopadhyay

It was at this crucial juncture, when Suhrawardy’s and the Muslim League’s diabolical plan of killing Hindus and reducing them to a hopeless minority in Calcutta and neighboring districts was coming to fruition, that Gopal Chandra Mukhopadhyay emerged on the scene. Gopal, then 33, belonged to a family of nationalists. He was an ardent supporter of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose and used to abhor Gandhian non-violence. He was a nephew of Anukul Chandra Mukhopadhyay, a nationalist thinker and professor of philosophy at Allahabad University who was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1964.

Gopal used to run his family mutton shop and, hence, was popularly known as Gopal ‘patha’ (‘patha’ means male goats in Bengali). Many researchers have said he used to interact closely with Muslim traders and rearers of goats, and bore not an iota of ill will towards Muslims. From his early days, Gopal was a philanthropist, helping families and people in distress. Gopal had already raised the Bharat Jatiya Bahini, a nationalist organization comprising young men, to help people in distress and carry out relief works during calamities. Many members of the Bahini were wrestlers.

On the night of 17 August, when distressing reports of large-scale massacre of Hindus and rape of Hindu women started reaching Gopal, he called out to Hindu youths and members of his Bharat Jatiya Bahini to resist the attacks by Muslims. Throughout the night, Gopal and his associates chalked out detailed action plans to stop Muslim attacks on Hindus. Hearing of the self-defense strategy being chalked out by Gopal, many non-Bengali Hindu men offered to help. Marwari traders of Burrabazar, who had also borne the brunt of Muslim attacks, offered financial help. Hindu blacksmiths made thousands of swords, spears, choppers, cleavers and other weapons in their workshops overnight.

The Hindu Fightback

By early morning of 18 August, small armies of Hindu youths were ready in Hindu localities to take on Muslim attackers. Suhrawardy and his Muslim League colleagues knew nothing of this build-up of Hindu resistance and started directing League criminals to Hindu areas from that morning again. Suhrawardy told his Muslim League colleagues and workers that they had two more days to cleanse Calcutta of Hindus as pressure was building up due to news of the killings reaching Delhi. Suhrawardy apprehended intervention by the viceroy, and hence his priority was to step up the killings of Hindus in Calcutta on 18 August and then turn his criminals loose in the three neighboring districts over the next two days to complete his evil plan.

But the Islamist goons and criminals received a nasty shock on 18 August morning. “They faced resistance everywhere. Hindu youths counter-attacked with such ferocity that the Muslim League men had to flee. Many were killed. Emboldened by their success in taking on and defeating their Islamist attackers, Hindu youths took the fight to Muslim-majority areas and started killing Islamist men. They did not, however, touch Muslim women and children or the aged and the infirm,” writes historian Sandip Bandopadhyay, who researched Gopal Mukhopadhyay extensively. “Gopal was never communal. He simply organized self-defense of Hindus by organizing Hindu youths to fight back Islamist aggression. He gave shelter to the homeless and widows and stopped them from getting killed or converted,” writes Bandopadhyay.

Over the next three days – 18-20 August – Muslim League goons were paid back in their own coin. All Muslim League goons who had led mobs in attacking Hindus and those who had participated in the pogrom against Hindus were identified, hunted down and killed. Panic spread among Muslims, who felt they were no longer safe in Calcutta. From 19 August, the tide had turned and Islamist men and youth who had killed Hindus were at the receiving end. Suhrawardy and his men, as well as the biased and anti-Hindu Calcutta Police officers and constabulary, could do nothing to stop Hindu resistance.

The Hindu fightback was led by Gopal Mukhopadhyay and some men like Basanta, a famous wrestler of Beadon Street (near Gopal’s residence in Bowbazar), but it was the Dalits and non-Bengali Hindus from Bihar and United Provinces who provided the muscle. Financed by Marwari traders, they fought back valiantly and succeeded in reversing the tide in favor of Hindus. By counter-attacking Islamists, they not only shattered the illusion among Islamists that Hindus were meek but also drove fear into the hearts of the Islamists who were confident of annihilating the Hindus.

Setback to Suhrawardy

Suhrawardy, who had thought Hindus were cowards and would submit meekly to Islamist attacks and subsequent domination, received a deep shock. He was shattered and, according to a British police officer, was seen in Lalbazar in the evening of 19 August in a state of utter shock, his head in his hands and muttering he could never imagine the Hindus would fight back and kill Muslims.

Suhrawardy’s sinister plan to kills Hindus in Calcutta and the neighboring districts in order to create panic among the Hindus and trigger an exodus from these areas, thus converting them into Muslim-majority areas that would be ripe for inclusion in East Pakistan, received a huge setback. Suhrawardy was a defeated man, thanks mainly to Gopal Mukhopadhyay. His plan lay in tatters. By 21 August, when viceroy’s rule was imposed in Bengal, Suhrawardy was dismissed, and the British and Gurkha army troops spread out all over Calcutta to put an end to the killings, more Muslims than Hindus had been killed.

Suhrawardy, in order to save his chair and put an end to the violence, deputed G G Ajmeri and Mujibur Rahman (later the creator of Bangladesh) who were musclemen and members of the Muslim League students’ wing and the Muslim National Guard, to seek truce with Gopal Mukhopadhyay. They went to Mukhopadhyay and pleaded for an end to the killings. Mukhopadhyay agreed on the condition that the Muslim League would disarm its killing squads and stop attacks on Hindus first. Suhrawardy complied.

Historians say Suhrawardy was not only driven to the wall by Hindu resistance and the consequent failure of his diabolical plans, he also sensed that the British viceroy Lord Archibald Wavell was at the edge of his patience and could dismiss Suhrawardy’s Muslim league government in Bengal. That would have been more disastrous for Suhrawardy and he would have lost all power on the eve of independence of India. He panicked and in order to save his chair, suggested truce with the Hindus. But it would prove to be too late; Lord Wavell dismissed the Muslim League government in Bengal on 21 August.

If Not for Gopal Mukhopadhyay…

It would be relevant here to examine what course history would have taken had Gopal Mukhopadhyay not organized a resistance by the Hindus from 18 August 1946. Calcutta’s population at the time was about 20 lakh. Of them, there were 12.8 lakh Hindus and 6.6 lakh Muslims. Of the 12.8 lakh Hindus, about 30 per cent (or about 3.84 lakh) were non-Bengalis whose voices and opinions would not have mattered had a referendum been held on the inclusion of Calcutta in East Pakistan since they would have been considered migrants from other provinces.

By 17 August night, an estimated 7,000 Hindus had been massacred by the Islamists and that had triggered a massive exodus of Hindus, mainly Bengali Hindus, from Kolkata. Had the killings continued for two more days, more Hindus would have died and the city’s Hindu population – the killings and exodus combined – would have come down to an estimated 7.8 lakh.

Researchers who have studied genocide and ethnic killings and subsequent exodus of the targeted community say that the killing of every 100 people triggers an exodus of at least 4,000 people. Thus, the killings of 12,000 Hindus (7,000 already killed and at least another 5,000 who would have been killed had the pogrom continued for another two days) would have triggered the exodus of nearly five lakh Hindus from Calcutta. That would have brought the population of Hindus in Calcutta down to about 7.8 lakh, a little higher than the existing Muslim population.

Suhrawardy and his Muslim League colleagues had also planned to bring in Muslims from Calcutta’s hinterlands to take over properties left by Hindus who had fled or were killed. He had plans to bring in at least four lakh Muslims from the Muslim-majority and densely populated eastern part of Bengal to settle in Calcutta in the neighboring industrial and economically advanced districts. Thus, the plan was to make Calcutta and its rich and industrially (as well as economically) advanced neighboring districts into Muslim-majority areas. That would have strengthened the Muslim League’s claim for inclusion of Calcutta and these districts in East Pakistan.

Gopal Mukhopadhyay Averted Disaster for Hindus

Had Suhrawardy’s game plan succeeded, it would have been disastrous for Bengali Hindus. Had Calcutta and its neighboring districts gone to East Pakistan, lakhs of Bengali Hindus would have been rendered homeless. And Hindus, as experience has shown, would not have been safe in Muslim-majority East Pakistan (now Bangladesh).

Statistics prove this contention. Bengali Hindus have never been safe and have always faced discrimination, killings, rapes, forcible conversions and forced displacements in Muslim-majority East Bengal that went on to become East Pakistan and then Bangladesh. In 1901, Hindus formed 33 per cent of the population of the eastern part of Bengal. They dwindled to 31.5 per cent in 1911, 30.6 per cent in 1921, 29.4 per cent in 1931 and 28 per cent in 1941.

After 1947, the decline in the Hindu population in East Pakistan was sharp. Hindus got reduced to 22.05 per cent of the population of East Pakistan in 1951, to 18.5 per cent in 1961, 13.5 per cent in 1974 (after the creation of Bangladesh), 12.13 per cent in 1981, 10.51 per cent in 1991, 9.2 per cent in 2001 and 8.96 per cent in 2011. By 2031, Hindus will form barely 5 per cent of the population of Bangladesh.

This proves that Bengali Hindus would never have been safe in Muslim-majority East Pakistan that would have included Calcutta, Howrah, 24 Parganas and Hooghly had Suhrawardy’s pogrom against Hindus succeeded and had Gopal Mukhopadhyay not valiantly organized and fought back the murderous Islamist mobs inspired and led by Suhrawardy.

Will History Repeat Itself?

Bengali Hindus would, thus, have been without a homeland today if Suhrawardy had succeeded. If Bengali Hindus are living in Kolkata today, and if (West) Bengal exists today, they have Gopal Mukhopadhyay (and other stalwarts, primary among them being Dr Syama Prasad Mookerjee) to thank for. Had it not been for them, Calcutta and major parts of present-day Bengal would have been part of East Pakistan and then Bangladesh, where Hindus are a persecuted lot living like miserable second-class citizens in penury and despair. Unfortunately, Bengali Hindus have forgotten their heroes to whom they owe their existence. They have forgotten their history. And that is why Bengal today faces the danger of Islamist forces trying to wrest political control of the state. Those who cannot remember the past, as nineteenth-century Spanish philosopher George Santayana had famously said, are bound to repeat it.

The only redeeming feature here is the brave efforts by Hindu Samhati over the past few years to resurrect the memory and contribution of Gopal Mukhopadhyay. For the past several years, Hindu Samhati has been organizing a rally on 16 August to commemorate Gopal Mukhopadhyay’s life and his efforts in saving the Hindus of Bengal and this city from becoming part of Pakistan. Encouragingly, a growing number of people, especially young men and women, have been participating in the rally. This year, an estimated 10,000 young men and women took part in the rally in Kolkata. Some Hindus, at least, are remembering history and drawing lessons from it.

Also Read: A Date Bengal Should Not Have Forgotten


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From: Pramod Agrawal < >.

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From Rajput < >




“Don’t beat the dead snake!”, said my learned Hindu friend with his back towards the enemy.

He meant “Don’t harp on Partition. Forget it, and those who were killed are no more worth a fig!”


Yes, it is agonizing for most to confront a situation that is beyond our might to correct, or improve. Frustration mounts and finally one says, “Leave me alone. Delete my name from your list!”


But the more names we delete the worse gets the situation. The distant fires are approaching our house, too, however secular, celebrated or sophisticated we may be!


Recall the fate of such “superior bodies”, doctors, professors, millionaires and Excellencies, even “sants, sadhus and mahatmas” in Rawalpindi and Noakhali! ALAS, those who were meant to remind us are all “jackals and rats “with total memory loss! To most Akhand Bharat is already like a “dead snake”!

History’s countless Tsunamis have decapitated the Hindus and taken away the collective Head to deep depths. With that, “sank” the bonding, the unity, the collective response & responsibility- and the instinct of retaliation!


Hindus have to recreate that absent HEAD, stand united against threats to our existence. The threat to Hindus, collectively and individually, mounts in direct proportion to the number of desertions from the ranks!


If this situation is acceptable then we can foresee the fate of Delhi like that of Lahore and Karachi. But if this situation is unacceptable, that is, if we think we cannot surrender any more souls and LAND to our enemies, then what to do?


The question is relevant since while the Hindus are not interested in anybody’s religion, it is the missionaries and the maulvis who feel upset and provoked on seeing a Hindu. He/she is perceived a challenge to all what they stand, and trained, for!


Competition among the mullahs and missionaries is intense for the minds and souls of the confused & vulnerable Hindus.


In this respect we can compare two countries, Afghanistan and Bharat. In the former one needs a magnifying glass to spot a missionary or mahatma while in the latter they are growing and spreading like the mushrooms.


Finally, our enemies (a lot more than our friends!) have seen that the Hindus show NO interest in recovering the TERRITORY captured from them nor wish to recover the abducted and converted sisters and brothers who have gone over to the enemy side.


This apathy, neutrality and secularism boosts their zeal and enthusiasm to convert even more Hindus and capture even more territory of the Hindus (Bharat).

All this is worth thinking about if we wish to save the present borders, however ludicrous & ridiculous they are!

One more thought for all: If a lorry falls down the ravine in Himachal Pradesh, (notorious for bad roads!), a Court of Enquiry is immediately appointed to look into the circumstances, and to make recommendations on how to avoid similar mishaps in the future.


Surely Lahore and Dhaka were more than a lorry falling down the “khud” (ravine)! Yet NO court of enquiry has ever been convened as to how it (Partition) happened and HOW SUCH DISASTERS CAN BE PREVENTED IN THE FUTURE!


Even the cleverest Hindus seem to believe that BY SHUTTING THE EYES THE CAT DISAPPEARS!


Reason? Mental paralysis of the Hindu nation. When given the choice, “Gandhi or Bharat?”, and “Nehru or Hindus”? most Hindus will jump up with alacrity untypical of them, and say, “Gandhi and Nehru above all. Dump Hindusthan and the Hindus!”. (i.e., “Don’t beat the dead snakes!”)


Hence NO “post mortem” of Partition! Hence for the entire Hindu nation the invisible Damocles Sword still hangs overhead! (https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/sword_of_Damocles)


Government of West Bengal must hold an enquiry as to why Chittagong & Gilgit, Buddhist majority districts, were surrendered like the sheep to the wolves. And the Government of EAST Punjab must hold an enquiry as to why Lahore and Sri Nankana Sahib were surrendered to the intolerant followers of “Mohammed of Mecca”. And the Government of INDIA must order an enquiry as to why Pandit Nehru ordered “CEASE FIRE” when our own troops were advancing!



13 Aug 17


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R Sing < >



Thank you for the brave response.

Your extremely moving description of the scene at Amritsar railway station on August 15, 1947, will become an eternal page in the history of Hindusthan.


We, who were betrayed along with our sacred and divine Mother India, will NEVER LET THE RULING “RATS & JACKALS” BURY THE DEAD & DETAILS OF THE HIGH TREASON THAT IS CALLED “PARTITION OF INDIA!”



14 June 17


From: Mohan Alok < >


Dear Sir,

Your following statement does not surprise me.

“I could never understand as to how our own Jawaharlal NEHRU (“priya neta”) could “congratulate” the first Governor General of Pakistan, Mohammed Ali Jinnah, over the dead bodies of two million massacred Hindus and Sikhs, by officially recognizing the bogus new borders drawn right through the States of Bengal and Punjab” as people of the remaining un partitioned regions of India always considered these leaders as their role models and had no sympathy for our communities.


Rather they made these leaders as their role models like Fathers Uncles and so on .

Sir One of the survivor of 1947 partition had told me that consequent to cold blooded massacres of Hindus dead bodies of millions of Hindus were thrown into rivers especially “Ravi River”.


Nehru and Jinnah went ahead with   the unjustified river water agreement with Pakistan so as to maintain river flow so that the dead bodies of Hindus are carried to sea and no evidence is left against the perpetrators of crime.

(Else there was no reason to deprive Punjab from it rightful share of 50 percent water)

I shall also like to share another post received by me just now


😢पहली ट्रेन पाकिस्तान से (15.8.1947) 😢


अमृतसर का लाल इंटो वाला रेलवे स्टेशन अच्छा खासा शरणार्थियों कैम्प बना हुआ था!पंजाब के पाकिस्तानी हिस्से से भागकर आये हुए हज़ारों हिन्दुओ-सिखों को यहाँ से दूसरे ठिकानों पर भेजा जाता था ! वे धर्मशालाओं में, टिकट की खिड़की के पास, प्लेट फार्मों पर भीड़ लगाये अपने खोये हुए मित्रों और रिश्तेदारों को हर आने वाली गाड़ी मै खोजते थे…15 अगस्त 1947 को तीसरे पहर के बाद स्टेशन मास्टर छैनी सिंह अपनी नीली टोपी और हाथ में सधी हुई लाल झंडी का सारा रौब दिखाते हुए पागलों की तरह रोती-बिलखती भीड़ को चीरकर आगे बढे…थोड़ी ही देर में 10 डाउन, पंजाब मेल के पहुँचने पर जो द्रश्य सामने आने वाला था, उसके लिये वे पूरी तरह तैयार थे….मर्द और औरतें थर्ड क्लास के धूल से भरे पीले रंग के डिब्बों की और झपट पडेंगे और बौखलाए हुए उस भीड़ में किसी ऐसे बच्चे को खोजेंगे, जिसे भागने की जल्दी में पीछे छोड़ आये थे ! चिल्ला चिल्ला कर लोगों के नाम पुकारेंगे और व्यथा और उन्माद से विहल होकर भीड़ में एक दूसरे को ढकेलकर-रौंदकर आगे बढ़ जाने का प्रयास करेंगे ! आँखो में आँसू भरे हुए एक डिब्बे से दूसरे डिब्बे तक भाग भाग कर अपने किसी खोये हुए रिश्तेदार का नाम पुकारेंगे! अपने गाँव के किसी आदमी को खोजेंगे कि शायद कोई समाचार लाया हो ! आवश्यक सामग्री के ढेर पर बैठा कोई माँ बाप से बिछडा हुआ कोई बच्चा रो रह होगा, इस भगदड़ के दौरान पैदा होने वाले किसी बच्चे को उसकी माँ इस भीड़-भाड़ के बीच अपना ढूध पिलाने की कोशिश कर रही होगी….

स्टेशन मास्टर ने प्लेट फार्म एक सिरे पर खड़े होकर लाल झंडी दिखा ट्रेन रुकवाई ….जैसे ही वह फौलादी दैत्याकार गाड़ी रुकी, छैनी सिंह ने एक विचित्र द्रश्य देखा..चार हथियार बंद सिपाही, उदास चेहरे वाले इंजन ड्राइवर के पास अपनी बंदूकें सम्भाले खड़े थे !! जब भाप की सीटी और ब्रेको के रगड़ने की कर्कश आवाज बंद हुई तो स्टेशन मास्टर को लगा की कोई बहुत बड़ी गड़बड़ है…प्लेट फार्म पर खचाखच भरी भीड़ को मानो साँप सुंघ गया हो..उनकी आँखो के सामने जो द्रश्य था उसे देखकर वह सन्नाटे में आ गये थे !

स्टेशन मास्टर छेनी सिंह आठ डिब्बों की लाहौर से आई उस गाड़ी को आँखे फाड़े घूर रहे थे! हर डिब्बे की सारी खिड़कियां खुली हुई थी, लेकिन उनमें से किसी के पास कोई चेहरा झाँकता हुआ दिखाई नहीँ दे रहा था, एक भी दरवाजा नहीँ खुला.. एक भी आदमी नीचे नहीँ उतरा,उस गाड़ी में इंसान नहीँ #भूत आये थे..स्टेशन मास्टर ने आगे बढ़कर एक झटके के साथ पहले डिब्बे के द्वार खोला और अंदर गये..एक सेकिंड में उनकी समझ में आ गया कि उस रात न.10 डाउन पंजाब मेल से एक भी शरणार्थी क्यों नही उतरा था..वह भूतों की नहीँ बल्कि #लाशों की गाड़ी थी..उनके सामने डिब्बे के फर्श पर इंसानी कटे-फटे जिस्मों का ढेर लगा हुआ था..किसी का गला कटा हुआ था.किसी की खोपडी चकनाचूर थी ! किसी की आते बाहर निकल आई थी…डिब्बों के आने जाने वाले रास्ते मे कटे हुए हाथ-टांगे और धड़ इधर उधर बिखरे पड़े थे..इंसानों के उस भयानक ढेर के बीच से छैनी सिंह को अचानक किसी की घुटी.घुटी आवाज सुनाई दी ! यह सोचकर की उनमें से शायद कोई जिन्दा बच गया हो उन्होने जोर से आवाज़ लगाई..”अमृतसर आ गया है यहाँ सब हिंदू और सिख है.पुलिस मौजूद है, डरो नहीँ”..उनके ये शब्द सुनकर कुछ मुरदे हिलने डुलने लगे..इसके बाद छैनी सिंह ने जो द्रश्य देखा वह उनके दिमाग पर एक भयानक स्वप्न की तरह हमेशा के लिये अंकित हो गया …एक स्त्री ने अपने पास पड़ा हुआ अपने पति का ‘कटा सर’ उठाया और उसे अपने सीने से दबोच कर चीखें मारकर रोने लगी…उन्होंने बच्चों को अपनी मरी हुई माओ के सीने से चिपट्कर रोते बिलखते देखा..कोई मर्द लाशों के ढेर में से किसी बच्चे की लाश निकालकर उसे फटी फटी आँखों से देख रहा था..जब प्लेट फार्म पर जमा भीड़ को आभास हुआ कि हुआ क्या है तो उन्माद की लहर दौड़ गयी…स्टेशन मास्टर का सारा शरीर सुन्न पड़ गया था वह लाशों की कतारो के बीच गुजर रहा था…हर डिब्बे में यही द्रश्य था अंतिम डिब्बे तक पहुँचते पहुँचते उसे मतली होने लगी और जब वह ट्रेन से उतरा तो उसका सर चकरा रहा था उनकी नाक में मौत की बदबू बसी हुई थी और वह सोच रहे थे की रब ने यह सब कुछ होने कैसे दिया ? मुस्लिम कौम इतनी निर्दयी हो सकती है कोई सोच भी नहीँ सकता था….उन्होने पीछे मुड़कर एक बार फ़िर ट्रेन पर नज़र डाली…हत्यारों ने अपना परिचय देने के लिये अंतिम डिब्बे पर मोटे मोटे सफेद अक्षरों से लिखा था…..”यह पटेल और नेहरू को हमारी ओर से आज़ादी का नज़राना है ” !


तो यह है वह ‘गज़वा ए हिन्द’ का सच जो कांग्रेसियों व सेकुलर गिरोह ने हिन्दुओ के सामने कभी आने नही दिया..अब होश में आओ हिन्दुओं !! वरना हम व हमारा हिंदुस्तान एक दिन इतिहास में सिमट कर रहा जायेगा !!

हिंदू-सिख लाशों से भरी यह अकेली और आखिरी गाडी नहीं थी !!😢😢

(आंसू और खून)


Best regards



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From: Pramod Agrawal < >


Maharaja Hari Singh’s Letter to Mountbatten

Text Of Letter Dated October 26, 1947 From Hari Singh, The Maharaja Of Jammu & Kashmir to Lord Mountbatten, Governor General of India.

Dated: 26 October 1947

My dear Lord Mountbatten,

I have to inform your Excellency that a grave emergency has arisen in my State and request immediate assistance of your Government.

As your Excellency is aware the State of Jammu and Kashmir has not acceded to the Dominion of India or to Pakistan. Geographically my State is contiguous to both the Dominions. It has vital economic and cultural links with both of them. Besides my State has a common boundary with the Soviet Republic and China. In their external relations, the Dominions of India and Pakistan cannot ignore this fact.

I wanted to take time to decide to which Dominion I should accede, or whether it is not in the best interests of both the Dominions and my State to stand independent, of course with friendly and cordial relations with both.

I accordingly approached the Dominions of India and Pakistan to enter into Standstill Agreement with my State. The Pakistan Government accepted this Agreement. The Dominion of India desired further discussions with representatives of my Government. I could not arrange this in view of the developments indicated below. In fact, the Pakistan Government are operating Post and Telegraph system inside the State.

Though we have got a Standstill Agreement with the Pakistan Government that Government permitted steady and increasing strangulation of supplies like food, salt and petrol to my State.

Afridis, solidiers in plain clothes, and desperadoes with modern weapons have been allowed to infilter into the State at first in Poonch and then in Sialkot and finally in mass area adjoining Hazara District on the Ramkot side. The result has been that the limited number of troops at the disposal of the State had to be dispersed and thus had to face the enemy at the several points simultaneously, that it has become difficult to stop the wanton destruction of life and property and looting. The Mahora powerhouse which supplies the electric current to the whole of Srinagar has been burnt. The number of women who have been kidnapped and raped makes my heart bleed. The wild forces thus let loose on the State are marching on with the aim of capturing Srinagar, the summer Capital of my Government, as first step to over-running the whole State.

The mass infiltration of tribesmen drawn from distant areas of the North-West Frontier coming regularly in motor trucks using Mansehra-Muzaffarabad Road and fully armed with up-to-date weapons cannot possibly be done without the knowledge of the Provisional Government of the North-West Frontier Province and the Government of Pakistan. In spite of repeated requests made by my Government no attempt has been made to check these raiders or stop them from coming into my State. The Pakistan Radio even put out a story that a Provisional Government had been set up in Kashmir. The people of my State both the Muslims and non-Muslims generally have taken no part at all.

With the conditions obtaining at present in my State and the great emergency of the situation as it exists, I have no option but to ask for help from the Indian Dominion. Naturally they cannot send the help asked for by me without my State acceding to the Dominion of India. I have accordingly decided to do so and I attach the Instrument of Accession for acceptance by your Government. The other alternative is to leave my State and my people to free-booters (looters?). On this basis, no civilized Government can exist or be maintained. This alternative I will never allow to happen as long as I am Ruler of the State and I have life to defend my country.

I am also to inform your Excellency’s Government that it is my intention at once to set up an interim Government and ask Sheikh Abdullah to carry the responsibilities in this emergency with my Prime Minister.

If my State has to be saved, immediate assistance must be available at Srinagar. Mr. Menon is fully aware of the situation and he will explain to you, if further explanation is needed.

In haste and with kind regards,


The Palace, Jammu                                 Your sincerely,

26th October, 1947                                   Hari Singh


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